Jane Wilson, Painter of Luminous Landscapes, Is Dead at 90
Critic Roberta Smith wrote that Wilson's 2009 show "may be her best yet."
Jane Wilson, whose 60-year career established her as one of the leading landscape painters of the postwar era, died on January 13 in New York. She was 90.
Wilson’s final exhibition, last year at New York’s DC Moore Gallery, included landscapes that hover between abstraction and representation, inspired by the sky, sea, and land of the East End of Long Island, New York. Her art is focused on events of the natural world—seasons of the year, times of day, and the moods of the weather. Wilson directed her energies to making visible the most passing phenomena, to capturing the effects of shimmering light, heavy air, and passing thunderstorms. In many of her paintings, the sky, which can just as easily be taken as an abstract field, is anchored by the barest rudiments of spatial recession and a low horizon.
In a 2001 interview, she explained that “What I’m aiming for are moments of strong sensation—moments of total physical experience of the landscape, when weather just reaches out and sucks you in. And the challenge of trying to trigger those moments with pigments of ground-up earth. When you think about it, it’s really very mysterious.”
Wilson was born on her family’s farm near Seymour, Iowa, in 1924. The flat lands, low horizons, rich earth, and big skies of her childhood formed the foundation of her vision as an artist. “As a child in Iowa, I was overwhelmed by the enormity of the unending space around me,” she once said. “The land was vast. The sky was vast. Everything was vast. Growing up on a farm, you were continually made aware of the weather. And the weather was continually changing.”
Wilson graduated from the University of Iowa with a B.A. and M.A. in 1947. After teaching art history there for two years, she moved to New York City and soon immersed herself in the downtown art scene.
One day in 1952 at the Cedar Tavern, the bar made famous by the Abstract Expressionists who frequented it, Wilson was approached to be a co-founder of the artists’ cooperative Hansa Gallery, whose other original members included Jan Müller, Richard Stankiewicz, Wolf Kahn, Allan Kaprow, and Felix Pasilis.
Wilson had three solo shows at Hansa during the 1950s. She also appeard in group shows during these years, such as one in late 1952 at Tanager Gallery, another of the most active artists’ cooperatives, and in three annual exhibitions at the Stable Gallery. In the mid-1950s, the Stable Annuals were major events that featured the work of both well-known and emerging artists, from Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning to Robert Rauschenberg and Helen Frankenthaler.
The same year that she joined Hansa, Wilson began working full-time as a showroom fashion model on Seventh Avenue in the Garment District, later becoming a freelance showroom and runway model. Despite some skepticism expressed by friends, she said that she gained valuable insights from the fashion world. “The handling of the material, mostly by European experts, the cutting and tailoring of drapery to your body, was fascinating, it had sculptural aspects,” she later recalled.
In the mid-1950s, Wilson was working in an abstract expressionist style. Later in the decade, she shifted to expressionist landscapes. Among the many artists with whom she became friendly were Fairfield Porter, de Kooning, Jane Freilicher, and Larry Rivers. Porter, older and more established, became especially important to her, as his commitment to modernist representational painting supported her return to landscape.
Wilson’s career as an artist began to take off in the early 1960s. The Museum of Modern Art acquired a large landscape, The Open Scene, in 1960, and Andy Warhol commissioned her to paint a portrait, Andy and Lilacs, which he donated to the Whitney Museum of American Art. That year, she also joined Tibor de Nagy Gallery, which represented several of her friends and other, mainly young, painters, including Frankenthaler, Rivers, Freilicher, Porter, Grace Hartigan, and Nell Blaine.
In 1964, Warhol chose her to be the subject of one of his Screen Tests and included her in his film The 13 Most Beautiful Women. By then, living on East 10th Street, across from Tompkins Square Park, she often painted atmospheric cityscapes of the park and surrounding neighborhood. She also painted the area around Water Mill, New York, on the East End of Long Island, where she lived part-time.
By the late 1960s, Wilson was focusing on still lifes set in her apartment and studio, including a group of behind-the-scenes paintings of worktables and artist materials. She exhibited with Graham Gallery, and later with Fischbach Gallery. She moved to the Upper West Side in 1968 and lived there for the rest of her life.
Wilson returned to landscapes in the early 1980s, and began creating the distinctive works for which she is best known today. Her radiant paintings of the past three decades evoke the rhythms of the natural world, marked by constantly changing dynamics of everyday events of the sky.
In 1999, she joined DC Moore Gallery, where she had seven solo exhibitions. Reviewing one of them in 2009, Roberta Smith wrote in The New York Times that “[her] latest luminous landscapes … may be her best. They relegate land or water to a low-lying narrow strip to let light and clouds work their magic. The real subject here is color, which may make Ms. Wilson a postabstract Color Field painter.”
In her 2009 book on the artist, Whitney Museum curator Elisabeth Sussman wrote, “What I find so remarkable about confronting Jane Wilson’s paintings in the twenty-first century is how elegiac they look and how they simultaneously recall the poetic sensibilities of mid-century, when the syntax was kept simple, when everyday renditions of land and sky or ordinary life could be once benevolent and metaphysical–simple situations redolent of the vagaries and complexities of the day-to-day. The paintings are at the same time a ‘non- space,’ an atmosphere in which we are lost, without perspective. The spectator is an observer, a navigator; the destination is drifting, like the clouds, and changing.”
Wilson received numerous awards and honors from organizations such as the Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation, Ingram Merrill Foundation, American Academy of Arts and Letters, National Academy of Design, and Guild Hall Museum. She was a visiting professor at colleges and universities including Parsons School of Design and Columbia University School of Art. She was also a visiting artist and served on the board of governors of Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Maine. Her paintings are in many museum collections, including those of New York’s Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Whitney, as well as the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, in Washington, D.C., the Art Institute of Chicago, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
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