The Back Room
The Back Room: Bet on Betrayal
This week: why artists leave their galleries, a Cuban art gem hits the block, a mega-gallery bankrolls a literary mag, and much more.
Every Friday, Artnet News Pro members get exclusive access to the Back Room, our lively recap funneling only the week’s must-know intel into a nimble read you’ll actually enjoy.
This week in the Back Room: why artists leave their galleries, a Cuban art gem hits the block, a mega-gallery bankrolls a literary mag, and much more—all in a 6-minute read (1,660 words).
Top of the Market
To meet the global demand for art, there are more galleries than ever, and every one of them is hungry for fresh inventory. Artist representation announcements are coming in at an ever-faster pace, and it’s a savage contest to secure the most promising market names.
In last week’s Art Detective, Katya Kazakina delved into the shifting allegiances created by this dynamic, and served up a slice of the above-board and below-the-belt maneuvers that prompt artists to reconsider their gallery relationships.
First, a reminder of the state of play as it stands. Here’s a tally of the number of artists currently represented by the megas (as of this writing).
Pace: 95 artists and 25 estates
Gagosian: 74 artists and 26 estates
Hauser & Wirth: 59 artists and 35 estates
David Zwirner: 50 artists and 26 estates
Competition among these four—and other striving dealers—is fierce for both hot young art stars and established names. Katya identified five common reasons artists might leave their galleries or expand their representation.
Upward mobility. Just like switching jobs can up your salary, joining a new gallery—especially a bigger one that offers greater visibility and a larger network of collectors—is sometimes the only way to get a meaningful bump in prices.
Cold hard cash. It’s no secret that some mega-galleries offer star artists generous advances on future sales to secure their loyalty. Other financial perks include bankrolling their studios and covering production costs for biennial exhibitions.
Add-on services. Certain gallery operations have grown so sophisticated now that they offer additional perks including estate planning, help setting up foundations, and legal advice.
Shiny new toys. Tales of galleries courting artists with lavish gifts including luxury handbags abound, as well as offers to fly on a dealer’s private jet and attend swish dinners and parties.
Emotional whims. Artists are humans—often mercurial ones! Personal reasons to make a change range from a misalignment of values to disagreements over how work is shown or marketed to, yes, disputes over a common love interest.
The Bottom Line
Gallerists are often quick to tell you that theirs is a thankless job. They hustle to build or resurrect an artist’s market, financing marketing, production, and exhibition costs, traveling to far-flung art fairs, and schmoozing collectors and curators. But before they get a chance to taste the rewards of all that labor, the mega-galleries come a-calling, and all of that blood, sweat, and tears means pretty much zip (unless they were smart enough to buy a few works out of those early shows).
To stave off four of the five reasons cited above requires vast financial resources. So the galleries that don’t have the wallet power to compete lean hard on number five by strengthening their personal ties with their artists and establishing a bedrock of trust. That includes being frank about what they might not be able to offer that others will. Dealers would do well to prepare their artists for what to say when the competition comes calling; caution them of the downsides of accepting a poisoned apple; and emphasize what they can offer that a large operation might not, from individual attention to flexibility about financial arrangements and commitments to artistic independence.
All that said, galleries should still be prepared to part with their star artists on good terms. Even in the best of relationships, money, more often than not, speaks loudest.
Wet Paint is on hiatus this week and next. But here’s what made a mark around the industry since last Friday morning…
- Highlights of Frieze’s London fairs span from a solo presentation of Jadé Fadojutimi at Gagosian at Frieze London to one of Pieter Brueghel the Younger at De Jonckheere at Frieze Masters. (Press release)
- Dealers at BIAF, Florence‘s Old Masters fair, bemoaned Italy‘s draconian export laws putting a downer on business. (Artnet News)
- Some $1.8 million in sales were conducted out of New York‘s Affordable Art Fair, where 70 galleries took part and asking prices were capped at $10,000. (Artnet News)
- Christie’s launched a new division to handle sales of luxury sneakers, streetwear, and sports collectibles. Department X is led by Caitlin Donovan, the house’s head of handbags and accessories for Christie’s Americas. (Artnet News)
- We spoke to Bonhams exec Bruno Vinciguerra about the strategy behind its rapid acquisition of smaller auction houses around the world, and the formula for middle-market success. (Artnet News Pro)
- Christie’s revealed 15 key lots from the collection of Paul Allen, headlined by five Impressionist and Modern works expected to bring at least $90 million each. (Artnet News)
- Spazio Amanita (helmed by Cy Twombly‘s grandson Caio Twombly) has opened at 313 Bowery in New York, the former venue of famed rock club CBGB, with a solo show of Italian painter Leonardo Meoni. (ARTnews)
- Kamel Mennour has a new artistic director in Sylvie Patry, who is leaving her role as the Musée d’Orsay’s deputy director for curatorial affairs and collections in December. (Le Monde)
- David Zwirner is now the lead funder of Drift, a hip literary magazine founded by Kiara Barrow and Rebecca Panovka in 2020. (Artforum)
- Members of the board at Toronto‘s Power Plant resigned en masse amid concern about the institution’s independence and inequitable BIPOC representation, as well as a network of disputes with its leadership and landlord, the Haborfront Center. (Artnet News)
- The Guggenheim has ended the closely watched Hugo Boss Prize after 13 editions. It did not specify why other than to say the $100,000 biannual award, which came with a solo exhibition at the museum, had come to a conclusion. (ARTnews)
- Peter Doroshenko will take the helm at the Ukrainian Museum in New York, after leaving an 11-year tenure as director of Dallas Contemporary. (ARTnews)
NFTs and More
- Christie’s launched Christie’s 3.0, a platform that enables NFT sales organized by the house to take place entirely on Ethereum’s blockchain, with nine NFT artworks by 18-year-old Diana Sinclair. (TAN)
- teamLab‘s NFT debut will be a series of seven unique NFTs bearing the phrase “Matter Is Void,” each priced at $200,000, released by Pace Verso. (Artnet News)
- U.K. dealer Robert Newland pleaded guilty to conspiring with Inigo Philbrick on wire fraud that helped Philbrick swindle clients and business partners out of millions over a multi-year period. Newland will be sentenced next March. (Artnet News)
“I’ve been in the art business for 20 years. I’ve worked with guys like Peter Beard and Kenny Scharf. Andres has the potential to be that big—or bigger.”
—Soho gallerist Bernie Chase on the outsize potential of 10-year-old painting prodigy Andres Valencia, whose latest exhibit with the gallery sold out at prices ranging from $50,000 to $125,000. (New York Times)
Work of the Week
Belkis Ayón’s Desobediencia
Selling at : Christie’s New York
Sale date: September 30
This collograph by the late Cuban printmaker Belkis Ayón has been consigned by the major Miami-based collector Howard Farber and his wife Patricia as part of a trove of works in Christie’s Latin American art sale. Farber became enamored with Cuban art after a trip to Havana in 2001 organized by the Met. His collection is one of the best private holdings of Cuban art from the mid-1980s to today.
Ayón’s work has been enjoying new relevance following a retrospective earlier this year at the Reina Sofia museum in Madrid. Her work also figured prominently in the Arsenale’s entrance to the main exhibition of the 2022 Venice Biennale. In May, around the time of the Biennale opening, a work by Ayón sold for $107,100 at Phillips, a record for the artist at auction and more than triple its $30,000 high estimate.
Populated with mouthless figures performing a ritual inside a vortex of mysterious ciphers and a network of roots, Desobediencia depicts the origin myth of a secret society of Afro-Cuban men called Abakuá and the legend of a princess who betrayed her male counterparts by discovering the secret of their knowledge. Specialist Marysol Nieves remarked how it “beautifully encapsulates the themes that preoccupied the artist’s brief but exemplary career–Afro-Caribbean culture and mythology as a source for exploring themes of knowledge, power, and belonging.”
It was executed the year before Ayón died by suicide at age 32, and Nieves said the work is one to watch as “works by Ayón are in high demand at present among collectors as the artist has been garnering much critical and market attention.”
Thanks for joining us in the Back Room. See you next Friday.
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