Piers Secunda Unleashes the Horrors of War at the Duke House
The work is defaced by casts of ISIS bullet-holes.
The four oblong panels—replicas of friezes from the Pergamon Altar—are displayed on two tables on the main staircase of James Duke House, a robber baronial Neo-Classical pile built on the corner of 78th and Fifth Avenue in New York for the creator of the American Tobacco Company.
The first panel shows Zeus waging war on the giants and at 13 by 18 inches, it is petite compared with the original Pergamon altar, now in Berlin, but it pulses with energy. The second panel? The same, but it’s defaced by casts of ISIS bullet-holes. The third is as holey as Gruyere cheese and the fourth is meaningless bits of stuff. Welcome to our new world.
Piers Secunda, the artist, didn’t make the Pergamon Alteration as a conceptual prank, as witty faux Fontana. A Londoner, he focused his attention on the scars of war that can still to be seen on two museums, the Victoria & Albert and the Tate.
“They were pockmarked with bullet damage and I had thought about ways to try to capture something of the moment. that instant in time,” Secunda says. He has since made moldings of the war damage on the exterior walls of the V&A and launched a career-long double focus—on making work with industrial material and work which reflects the darker realities of today.
This compulsion has taken Secunda, who just turned forty, deep into geo-political hot zones. China was a formative experience. “I thought I should try to attempt to capture the texture of the bullet damage created by the Chinese military,” he says. “That would tie itself into into my desire to capture a moment in time when geopolitics ruptured the surface of something—the way it had done on the Tate and the V&A.”
Secunda went to Pudong, south of Shanghai, where he and a friend talked their way into a People’s Liberation Army firing range. Secunda was carrying some white sheets of industrial floor paint. The soldiers, after pot noodles had been consumed, tea drunk, and cigarettes smoked, allowed Secunda to position the sheets of paint behind a set of targets.
“Then we gathered the sheets up and left. That was the beginning,” he says.
The bullet shatters were very beautiful. They looked like flowers. And the beauty of them belied the severity of their making. I found that particularly interesting. It reflected the way that violence is glamorized by the media and marketed a certain way by Western entertainment.
I realized I needed to think about how to take this further. And very swiftly I concluded that if I wanted to turn the volume up to full on the intensity of this new potential body of work that I had to go to the place where the most significant people were making bullet damage. And for me that was the Taliban.
So to Afghanistan. In 2010 Secunda got in touch with one Sardar Ahmed Khan, who he had learned could be relied upon to connect Western media with Taliban forces. Khan emailed to inquire whether he had it correct, that Secunda wanted to be taken to the bullet-holed walls that signified a suicide bombing, that he would take molds there, and duly depart?
“I emailed him saying yes,” Secunda says. “I thought that would be the last I would hear of him. But he emailed back saying: Yes. I can do that.”
So Secunda did get the Taliban works done.
“The Taliban killed Sardar, his wife, and his children while they were eating in a hotel,” Secunda said. “So they did shoot the messenger.”
His next war zone was Jamaica. “There was an urban war in Kingston,” he says. “That was 2011. I went there to make molds. It was Christopher Coke and his gang, who were called the Shower Posse. Like shower of lead.”
Who was on the other side? “Anybody who got in his way,” Secunda says.
So on to Iraq. And ISIS. A friend of Secunda’s, a Kurdish lecturer, made proper connections and he flew out to Kabul. “I wasn’t interested in getting close to damaged antiquities,” he says. “They were completely in the occupied zone… So what I set about doing to get as close as I could to some recent damage where I could speak to the local people and the Peshmerga, who are the Kurdish troops, to get the story, understand what had happened in that place, make a record of it through a camera and photographs. And then make the molds of forensic quality that I needed to work from in my studio.”
In time, the ISIS works were duly accomplished.
As to the Pergamon Alteration, the original altar was carved in the second century BC in the principate, Pergamon, and described as one of the wonders of the world. Pergamon was swallowed into the Roman Empire, and was destroyed in the seventh century. The altar was dug up in the 19th century and taken to Berlin, where miniature plaster casts were made. Secunda acquired one of these and—a first in his practice—imported his ISIS bullet holes into a sequence of replicas.
Here they are today, sitting in the Neo-Classic James Buchanan House, with its marbles the color of clotted cream, its bronze, its serene carvings, making it all too easy—for certain sensibilities anyway—to look around, somewhat uneasily, as if contemplating the ruins of the future.
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