‘I Don’t Think Art Should Learn Anything From Fashion’: Rising-Star Sies Marjan Designer Sander Lak on Why the Fashion World Envies Artists
The designer says the fashion world moves too fast, and would benefit from slowing down.
Where is the line between art and fashion, and is it shifting?
In a time when buzzy collaborations between artists and designers have become de rigueur for major brands, when fashion exhibitions are increasingly reliable museum blockbusters, and when the distinctions between different creative fields are being blurred—if not entirely erased—by a new generation of talents, the question is more intriguing than ever.
To talk about this subject, you couldn’t ask for a better interlocutor than Sander Lak, the visionary creative director behind the white-hot fashion line Sies Marjan, whose latest season is part of a fascinating and potentially unprecedented collaboration with the architect Rem Koolhaas’s current Guggenheim show, “Countryside, The Future.”
How does one collaborate with an exhibition? It’s complicated.
First, a bit more about Lak. The Dutch designer was born in Brunei and raised between Malaysia and Scotland. He spent the early years of his career taking on increasingly prominent roles at Phillip Lim, Balmain, and Dries Van Noten, before being tapped in 2014 to start his own label, which he named Sies Marjan after his father and mother’s first names.
Since then, his clothes, which are defined by ravishing jewel-toned colors, cutting-edge materials, and billowing, non-binary cuts, have been a critical and commercial hit, winning him the 2018 CFDA award for best new designer and raves in the fashion press.
As seems to be the trend these days, Lak has done a few collaborations with artists like Tina Barney and Walter Robinson, but his new project with Rem Koolhaas and the Guggenheim is his most ambitious yet. For the first live recording of the Art Angle, Artnet News editor-in-chief Andrew Goldstein sat down with Lak at the Armory Show art fair for a wide-ranging conversation about where art and fashion are today.
You collect art, your mom is a painter, you have collaborated with artists, and I believe you met your boyfriend at the Met gala. So how does art fit into your life?
I always kind of considered fashion the industry that really takes from everywhere else, because of the pace we have to create things. Art, from a professional point of view, is something I can tap into quite easily for my work. I’ve always wanted to be an artist, but very quickly I realized that is not what I’m good at.
I like seeing it, I like experiencing it, I like working with it. But I’m actually not an artist. What I do is much more applied, and I like the restrictions of the industry that I’m in.
You studied fashion at Central Saint Martins in London. Did you ever try your hand at studio art?
When I was younger, before I discovered fashion, I was always drawing or creating something. But I’m very critical and I’m very Dutch in this way. I know exactly what is working and what isn’t working, and I saw very quickly I’m not an artist.
So right now you’re expressing yourself through a new fashion collaboration with Rem Koolhaas in the Guggenheim. How did that project happen?
About a year and a half ago, we were put in touch through some people and then Sies Marjan decided to sponsor the exhibition. I knew then that I had access to Rem and his team and that I would be able to do something with them.
Just to give you a little bit of context for how things usually work in the fashion industry: you do about a gazillion collections a year, and every week is finalizing something else, every month another collection comes out, so you’re really working from deadline to deadline. There’s really never that much time to think, so this was interesting because I had literally six months just to think about what I wanted to do with this, and then six months to research and communicate with Rem and then translate what he was doing into what I am doing.
This is a very high-concept exhibition. Rem Koolhaas realized that the countryside is this entirely forgotten dimension of contemporary life, where everybody is thinking about cities—which occupy about two percent of the surface of the earth and by 2025 will contain 70 percent of its population. How do you take that big topic into a fashion collection?
I admit that was really the challenge, and I have to say—and Rem knows this because it’s the first thing I said to him—I would never have picked this subject myself. It’s just not a fashion subject. But that’s why it’s really interesting because it’s so wide and very hard to speak about.
Initially my interest was that his agency OMA was conducting an eight-year research project into the Guggenheim, and that gave a new twist to how I was approaching the project. Thinking about how I work, how I never have any time, I suddenly realized I needed to use this time to do the same—to pretend I’m doing a research project where the end result will be a fashion collection instead of an exhibition.
And did you and Rem have a dialogue while you were working?
Yes, absolutely. Sies Marjan is really known for our use of color, and it was interesting because the first thing Rem wanted to discuss was color. Of course, he thinks about color in the context of space, whereas I talk about color that goes on your body, so I’m talking about skin colors and body shapes. So there are these differences, but also clear similarities between what we do.
When I went to visit his studio, like a piece of stone next to a piece of metal that he was probably putting together to think about what would look nice in a building. It’s exactly the same in my studio, there’s a piece of fabric next to a zipper next to a button. These are the ingredients I play with.
What were some of these bigger issues you discussed between architecture and fashion?
When he starts a project it can take 10 years, it can take 50 years. And he was talking about how he and his team have so much time they start questioning things. And for me, it’s the other way around, where I’m like, “oh my god, I have one week to do a whole thing.” And I have no time to really reconsider things. I just have to go, go, go.
So how did you approach this show? What were some of the ideas and entry points you used to tackle this big idea?
The first thing we always do with a collection is start with a color card. So I started with a color card based on the visuals from the research they did. From there, I began [thinking] about what angle I was going to take. Should it be something purely about sustainability? That was initially my first reaction, but it became very clear that the exhibition isn’t directly about sustainability, it’s about countrysides—a much wider subject.
I did want to make sure we were conscious of [sustainability] because it’s a sensitive subject, and the fashion industry doesn’t always get it right. So I wanted to make sure that there were elements of that, but also to make something inspiring, about the beauty of what people can make and how nature can be used to create.
You’re working with Rem now, who has a bit of a reputation as an environmentally conscious designer. But do you have any more concrete plans in terms of sustainability?
Well, to start, the best thing is to not do it at all. If I really want to be sustainable, I should just quit, because that’s the nature of producing anything. What I can do is make sure that the footprint we have as a company, as a business, is as small as possible. All of the usual suspects like recycling, not using plastic, et cetera, we do all of those things. Outside of that, this collection has really taught us a lot about the different kinds of fabrics we can use, and that there are versions of fabric that are partly recycled or even 100 percent recycled that work the same way. But there is a certain limitation, in reality, as a fashion brand.
You take a high-tech approach. You have an ensemble that you created with scientists and technicians at Cornell University. Can you tell me about that process?
At Cornell they have a department that specializes in all things related to natural dyeing and fibers. One of the techniques is called contact drying, which is when fabrics are prepared to take whatever you put on top of them, they absorb the color and the fibers of the plants and flowers you put on top. That’s an exhausting and time-consuming process, and of course the reality is that it’s just not possible to commercialize it with the timeline we have. So we made a digital version of it to give the feeling, but also to communicate the message without it being pure couture.
Some of these things are so advanced and require so much human skill and labor, that it’s just not ready-to-wear anymore, it becomes couture.
Another approach you took was to work with a very interesting wool artist. What did that entail?
Yes, Claudy Jongstra is her name, and she’s an artist who boils and washes these blankets made from wool. There’s no practicality to them really, it’s purely a visual vehicle, but you can make beautiful garments out of them.
Cindy has a lot of sheep and she literally just waits for the hair to fall off naturally, and then she collects it until she has enough to make something with. She donated the blanket to us and we made a garment and some pillows. Again, the process, isn’t really ready to be produced for fashion yet, but it is something that demonstrates the beauty of some of these crafts.
And Diane Scherer, who specializes in manipulating plant roots into intricate patters, can you describe that collaboration?
She works with a university in Holland and she’s been trying to figure out a process to grow fabrics. So basically what she does is grow a sheet of grass, say, and then when the roots are strong enough the top layer of the soil and the grass is chopped off and the roots become a leftover film.
It’s not yet a fabric, it’s very fragile, just dried roots that are really thin and delicate. She’s working to biologically manipulate them so that you can eventually wash and dry clean them, but it’s not there yet. Still, we wanted to play with it, so we fused a layer over cashmere and it became a really incredible look.
So an architect, a root artist, a wool artist—this is clearly very hybridized terrain. Let’s pull things apart a little bit. What is the difference between fashion and art? Is fashion art?
I don’t think there’s a right or wrong answer, so I can only share my personal opinion: I’ve always said no, fashion is not art.
The limitations and frames you have to work within in fashion are so limiting that it constricts the freedom I think you should have when creating art. Just in the same way painting is not necessarily art if it’s just made for a living room to hang above a couch. If that’s the goal of making a painting, then for me, that is not art either.
Is it design then?
Yes, it’s design. And I don’t believe that art is higher than any other thing, it’s just apples and oranges. They’re all fruits, you know?
What about all of the shows like Armani and Alexander McQueen that are in museum spaces?
I think just because you put something in a museum doesn’t make it art. It becomes appreciated from an art angle, but the thing itself, even if it is there, is still a garment, in my opinion. McQueen is somebody who touched this sphere between art and fashion absolutely, he’s probably one of the very few who I feel really really had the brain of an artist and applied it to fashion.
But again, with my rules, which are not the right ones necessarily, the clothes are made in the end to be worn, and to make money off of. So it’s an applied form in that sense.
There is also an economic rationale behind all of these fashion exhibitions, because not only do they get sponsorship, but they also routinely draw blockbuster crowds.
Again, it’s an ecosystem. The prestige of being in a museum for a fashion house is good. But at the end, you know, it’s a business and so it’s a win-win in that sense.
The ancient term for art is techne, which just means very high and refined skill. And just as you’re talking about working with these artisans on making exquisite but impractical pieces of clothing that you can’t actually wear, that seems to shade into a definition of art as something impractical and non-functional.
It’s playing with it for sure. You know, fashion plays and rubs and makes love to everything because we have to use everything. That’s what I love about fashion, it’s just shamelessly sleeping around with every other art form because we have to produce so much stuff.
Well you’re not the only designer sleeping around with art right now. Designers like Virgil Abloh and Tom Ford are making art and artists like Sterling Ruby are making fashion. Chanel just hired the former CEO of the Serpentine Galleries to be its new global head of art and culture. There seems to be a tremendous amount of activity between these fields. Why do you think there is such a proliferation of this activity right now?
Because we need each other. There is no art fair without fashion week, and there’s no fashion week without an art fair. When you look at who your customer is: where are they going? What kind of gallery? What art do they buy? It’s all tapping into the same thing. For galleries too, they look at what someone is wearing, what is the brand, what are the shoes like, are they designer? It’s all tapping into the same idea.
These are not the easiest times, so we all need to rely on each other in a certain way. Sometimes it happens really beautifully and sometimes it’s really nasty, but it is all connected, and there’s a big economic component to this as well.
Do you think the fashion world sees the art world and thinks, okay, this is a clientele that I want to approach by nodding to the art aspects? Is it a form of marketing?
Absolutely. And in a way it makes sense, because if you think about where people spend their money, whether you’re a gallerist or a designer, it’s the same thing. It becomes very clear that someone who spends $3 million on a painting, most likely that person wouldn’t flinch at a $20,000 dress, you know?
What do you think fashion can learn from the art market?
I feel like there’s an art fair every week. I’m sorry, I probably should not say that here, but there’s a lot of urgency happening in the art world. Again, when you’re looking at it from a business point of view it’s different.
When I look at artists, there’s a lot of things fashion can learn: the fact that artists keep to their own schedules and their own artistic process, for example. When it comes to the business of art and the business of fashion, I think they’re becoming quite similar.
And what do you think art can learn from fashion?
I don’t think art should learn anything from fashion. I think art should be more itself, it should not look at fashion. Fashion should look at art, fashion should look at everything and sleep around with everything. Art should maybe close its eyes to fashion a little bit more, and as I’m saying this, I may be shooting myself in the foot because obviously I’m also tapping into it.
You’ve brought this up a few times, that you feel the cycle of the fashion world is oppressive in some ways. Now that you’ve tested this year-long timeline working with the Guggenheim, is there a way you can actually incorporate that more sustainably into your practice?
Yes, I’m trying to. I said to my team how liberating and freeing it was after finishing this collection.
I do think there are ways that I can make decisions earlier, or really stick to an idea before instead of lingering around and waiting until the last moment. I think honestly that’s the only way forward because I was getting really tired. Sies Marjan is a part of my career but I’ve been in the industry for a long time.
I’ve been in the rat race for a while, and before the collaboration with Rem Koolhaas I was getting exhausted—not like I need to sleep, but creatively exhausted. I was tired of always having to one-up myself creatively, when I do something three months later it has to be better than before and sell better than before, it has to look better, get better reviews, and if you win an award once you have to win it again the next year. So this project really gave me a new energy in a way.
What do you make of these multi-hyphenate fashion designers like Virgil Abloh who have been broadening their scope from fashion into music, furniture design, and art museums?
I think it’s incredible that he is able to do that. If you do too many things I think at some point something’s gotta give. When I put my energy into something I really put everything into that one thing, so it would be hard for me to dabble a little bit here and there.
What do you think about the other side of the equation, where Sterling Ruby is working with Raf Simons and now going out on his own?
That’s great, I think that is a more unusual route and therefore a really great thing to happen. I’m curious to see where that goes, and what the business model is behind that. Everyone is very much on their own right now, and if fashion is very much about the rules and relationships you had, now it’s everyone for themselves. There are a lot of people who are using that to their advantage, and I applaud that.
At the same time people are playing by their own rules, there are a lot of trends that are very visible. If you walk through an art fair you’ll see variations on neo-Mannerism in painting for example. What do you see in fashion that are the interesting trends?
That’s sort of like asking an artist what the trends are in art. I don’t really pay attention to that, I would like to think the trends happen from the work that I do, and not that I am following the trends.
I do watch trends in a broader sense from a business point of view in terms of spending patterns and what people are listening to, watching, reading, all of that stuff. Fashion is a cultural sponge in that way. When it comes to the trends in fashion, I really don’t know.
One trend we’re noticing in the art world is the huge interest in sneakers and athleisure. Last year, Sotheby’s had a sale of sneakers that sold collectively for over $1 million, and it seems as though the art world is identifying these sneaker buyers as potential new art collectors. How do you see that from a fashion perspective?
Well it’s going back to what you were saying about the art world tapping into future customers in the fashion world. I think I can speak to the trends that have happened in the past, and there has been a resurgence in streetwear and everything related to what we can call day wear. There’s been a normalization of fashion that has happened over the last five or six years, and the holy grail are the sneakers.
The idea of designer sneakers is relatively new; for a long time sneakers were sneakers, and that was it. And then fashion saw an opportunity, like they always do, and tapped into it. Hermes makes a sneaker that costs $2,000. People thought it was a bubble, but I don’t think that’s the case, I think that’s just the reality of what’s happening now.
How do you think the fashion world will be affected by the unfolding global health situation?
Well, one of the direct results is in this room right now: my head of fabrics came back from Italy and was quarantined for two weeks. She’s out now, she’s alive and well, but that is definitely one of the first things that happened for us. Like everyone in the industry, we had people in Europe because of fashion week, everything was happening there. There was a big fabric fair in Italy and that’s when it started to get really bad there.
We had to take certain measures, and as a small company it has a really big effect when you know, one person is not there. We work with Italy a lot, we work a little bit with China and all around the world. We were seeing buyers afraid to go to Paris, and again this is happening for everyone, not just at Sies Marjan, it really is, for lack of a better word, a shit show. Hopefully we will all be able to recover from it, but we don’t know.
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